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Posted by on Aug 27, 2011 in Canary in the Coal Mine, Environment, Nature, Research Blogging, Science | 74 comments

Romeo: A Lone Wolf’s Tragedy in Three Acts

 

**This post was selected for publication in Open Lab 2012, featuring 50 of the best science blog posts of 2011. See my announcement here.

** April 2016 Update — Added links to books about Romeo at the end of this post ***

 

*** IMPORTANT. READ FIRST. ***

This is the most-read post on my entire site. Thank you all for sharing it and caring about Romeo. I understand that his story makes you sad and angry. It should. And I welcome your comments. But I want to make one thing clear: I will not tolerate commenters who advocate for hate and violence.  I will remove all or parts of any such comments.

 

Act I:  Into the covert of the wood

 

Many a morning hath he there been seen,
With tears augmenting the fresh morning dew.
Adding to clouds more clouds with his deep sighs
— Romeo & Juliet

 

“Romeo”, an Alexander Archipelago Wolf (Canis lupus ligoni) (USFS 2009)

In April of 2003 a female Alexander Archipelago wolf was hit by a taxi near the Mendenhall Glacier Visitor’s Center in Juneau, Alaska. Not killed instantly, the black wolf was euthanized by police. She had been pregnant with four pups, probably due to be born within the next few weeks. Alaska State Troopers were called to retrieve the body.

The following winter, visitors and nearby residents began to hear the soulful cries of a single wolf howling across the lake.

Then, on a winter day in 2003, local resident and wildlife photographer Nick Jans was out skiing and spotted wolf tracks. The tracks led him to a young black wolf that was acting “goofy, gangly and clumsy like a teenager.” The wolf took an interest in Jans’ dogs and soon became a regular visitor to the area.

In the winter, the Mendenhall Valley and the frozen lakes within it are popular destinations for winter campers, skiers, skaters, and snow-shoers. As the 2003 winter season went on, more visitors and local residents reported seeing the lone wolf, presumably the dead female’s mate (or maybe her son), and with each report he seemed more bold, more interested in them – and in particular, their dogs.

Jans’ told reporters:  “He developed a huge crush on our female lab, Dakotah, and that’s how he got his name. He would hang around our back door and sometimes be waiting in our yard. My wife Sherrie said, ‘There’s that Romeo wolf again.’”

The name stuck.

Act II: The bones of buried ancestors

If they do see thee, they will murder thee. — Juliet to Romeo

Gray wolf (Canis Lupus)

The Alexander Archipelago wolf (Canis lupus ligoni) is a rare subspecies of the gray wolf. It is unique to the islands of southeastern Alaska, and is the only wolf found in the Alaskan portion of the largest remaining tract of temperate rainforest in the world. Importantly, it is an apex predator, living almost exclusively off of Sitka black-tailed deer (Odocoileus hemionus sitkensis), a subspecies of mule deer. They may also take moose, small mammals, birds, and a surprising amount of salmon.

Most are darker than gray wolves, but they do exhibit all shades from black to brown to white. They are also typically smaller than their grey wolf cousins (around 50-100 lbs), however Romeo was estimated to be about 140 lbs when full grown.

Alexander Archipelago wolves live in packs of 5 to 9 extended family members, typically consisting of a pair of breeding adults, their sub-adult offspring, and several other adults which may or may not breed. Each pack will only produce one litter of pups per year. Packs occupy stable home ranges and favour low elevations and old growth forest near fresh water. A healthy home range will provide a wolf pack with all of its needs for hunting, denning, and raising young.

Besides being a vital top predator, the Alexander Archipelago wolf is important genetically. The subspecies probably represents the remnants of a widespread population of wolves that inhabited lower North America during the Wisconsin Glaciation. As explained in the most recent (2011) petition to list the Alexander Archipelago wolf [pdf] as threatened or endangered  [bold mine]:

  • “These wolves recolonized Southeast Alaska less than 12,000 years ago and have since diverged from other wolf populations. Northern continental wolves, such as those found in interior Alaska and central British Columbia, are apparently the result of mixing between the recolonizing populations from both Asia and North America. Weckworth et al. (2010) hypothesized that some of the genetic diversity that has been lost in continental North America wolf populations, due to intensive harvest and resulting extirpation of many populations, remains intact in coastal wolves in the Alexander Archipelago. Thus, Canis lupus ligoni populations in Southeast Alaska appear to contain a significant portion of the remaining genetic diversity for the species Canis lupus.”

Sitka Black Tailed Deer (Odocoileus hemionus sitkensis) Steve Hillebrand, USFWS

The Alexander Archipelago wolf is exceedingly rare, with fewer than 1000 wolves left in Southeast Alaska.  A recent survey of Prince of Wales Island found the population had dropped from 250-300 individuals in 1996 to such a low number that frequency of scat and other wolf signs were almost too low to measure. The current (unconfirmed) suggestion is that there are about 150 animals left on the island.

Annual mortality of wolves (excluding pups under 4 months old) hovers around 50%.  Most wolf deaths (nearly 90% in some areas) are cause by humans, with hunting and trapping comprising the majority of kills. Illegal hunting and trapping is responsible for about half of those. Between 1990 and 1995, an estimated 1,163 wolves were reported killed throughout Southeast Alaska.

Wolf populations are inextricably tied to deer populations, and deer populations are tied to the carrying capacity of the land. For this reason, concern for the wolves’ welfare has focused on logging practices that threaten Sitka deer populations. Disagreements among environmental organizations, logging interests, and the US Forest Service (that oversees logging permits), have resulted in years of court battles.

Despite this, all efforts to have the Alexander Archipelago wolf listed as a threatened species have failed. In 1993 the US Fish and Wildlife Service concluded that while the animals were not currently in jeopardy, if logging continued at its current rate and no reserves were set up for the animals, then the “long-term viability of the Alexander Archipelago wolf would be seriously imperiled.”  But logging has continued and deer and wolf populations has fallen.

However, earlier this month the 9th Circuit Court of Appeals overturned the US Forest Service approval for four Tongass logging projects that would have cut 33 million board feet from 1,700 acres of old-growth forest and constructed 13.7 miles of logging roads.

That action was quickly followed by a new petition [pdf] to have the wolf listed as endangered or threatened. The petitioners, Greenpeace and The Center for Biological Diversity, believe that without protection, this rare and unique animal will soon disappear, taking with it some of the most valuable wolf DNA in existence.

Act III:  Feasting with mine enemy

I have night’s cloak to hide me from their sight;
And but thou love me, let them find me here:
My life were better ended by their hate,
Than death prorogued, wanting of thy love.

–Romeo to Juliet

For years Romeo romped with the dogs of visitors and residents in the region.  People looked forward to encounters and photographic opportunities with this normally reclusive species and Romeo became bold, approaching people and inviting their dogs to play.

In 2007, an email with photos of the wolf picking up a pug and carrying it the way he might carry a dead rabbit came to the attention of wildlife officials. The pug was released unharmed (some observers say Romeo was just playing), but there were also troubling reports of people touching the wolf.  These encounters confirmed that Romeo was becoming far too accustomed to humans and pets. It would only be a matter of time until someone got hurt.

And sure enough, it was not long before the wolf was accused of killing a small dog. Not only that, but there was a growing concern for Romeo himself. Pet dogs could transmit diseases to the wolf and put other wolf populations at risk. Or, if Romeo became aggressive to humans, he would risk being killed as a dangerous animal.

Alaska Department of Fish and Game authorities toyed with different ideas on how to manage the situation. The wolf could be trapped and moved. That would be a straightforward option. But Alaskans choose to live among their wildlife. Black bears are ubiquitous in and around many Alaskan cities. Grizzly bears fish for salmon alongside local fishermen – and women. Moose walk the streets. And most folks know what it’s like to lie in bed and hear wolves howling not far from their windows.

And besides that, the residents of Juneau loved Romeo. “Friends of Romeo” had been formed in 2006 to “speak for Romeo,” defending him against claims that he had killed pet dogs, and arguing for his right to remain in his homeland. Sending him away would not be an option.

So authorities settled on trying to educate people on how to discourage the engaging wolf. They posted signs at the visitor’s center warning hikers to keep their dogs leashed and not to let them play with their wild cousin. They reminded visitors that fines could be levied on those who fed or touched the animal.  “There’s the danger of loving this wolf to death,” warned Juneau District Ranger Pete Griffin.   “We have to remember that it is a wild animal. For it to continue to survive it has to remain a wild animal.”

But the wolf, now habituated to his human and domestic dog “pack,” persisted and attempts to change people’s behavior in dealing with Romeo were spectacularly unsuccessful. Local residents allowed Romeo to accompany them on daily walks, sometimes for hours at a time. The wolf appeared in the yards of local dogs he was fond of and followed skiers back to their cars.  He played with tennis balls and frolicked freely with pets while their owners skated on the frozen lake.  And, analysis of his scat showed that along with small animals, fish, and the occasional deer, he was also eating dog food.

Where the devil should this Romeo be?
Came he not home to-night?

January 2010 brought ominous news: Romeo had not been seen all winter. Harry Robinson, a local resident who walked with the wolf daily reported that he hadn’t seen him since September 18th, 2009. Speculation ran the gamut: Maybe Romeo was dead, suffering an accident, killed by a pack of wolves, or simply from old age. Or, maybe he was alive and well. Perhaps he had finally found a female of his own kind and had returned to a more normal wolf-like existence. Everyone hoped for the latter, though chances were remote.

John Hyde, a wildlife photographer who spent the better part of seven years with Romeo reported that Romeo showed little interest in other wolves, not answering the howls of distant packs. (Hyde had gained the animal’s trust to such an extent that he was rewarded with some of the most beautiful and profound images of the creature ever published). Biologist Steve Lewis was convinced that Romeo probably died of natural causes. “My guess is that he’s probably dead … he just died from being a wolf,” he said.

Romeo’s disappearance triggered a community response. Reward money was put up and missing posters were posted all over Juneau. Friends of Romeo began investigating and in May of 2010 an arrest was made: Park Myers of Juneau and Jeff Peacock of Lebanon, PA were charged with a number of hunting violations, including an illegal wolf kill. The wolf, while not confirmed as Romeo, was an adult male taken from the Mendenhall Lake region on September 22, 2009 – 4 days after Romeo went missing. And it was black.

Photographs confiscated from Myers and Peacock show a lone black wolf confidently approaching vehicles in a parking lot, later the two men posed with the carcass of a black wolf, and an image of a Juneau Empire article entitled “Romeo, Where Art Thou?”  DNA analysis of the wolf was never performed but Harry Robinson examined the photos and identified the wolf by a recognizable scar.  “That is definitely Romeo,” he pronounced.

The hunters were found guilty of numerous hunting violations and the penalties handed down were typical of those for first-time violators – fines of several thousand dollars, suspended six-month jail sentences, and loss of their hunting licences for three years.  As much as he was loved by the Juneau community, Romeo was still just a wolf, with no special rights or status beyond those of the rest of his kind or even that of the bears that were also illegally taken by the convicted hunters.

Seal up the mouth of outrage for a while,
Till we can clear these ambiguities,
And know their spring, their head,
their true descent;

And then will I be general of your woes,
And lead you even to death: meantime forbear,
And let mischance be slave to patience.
Bring forth the parties of suspicion.

 

Like his namesake, Romeo crossed a dangerous social boundary and for that he paid with his life.  To be sure, those men wielding the guns hold the bulk of responsibility. But the folks who cared so much for Romeo also bear some of that burden.

A lone wolf is no wolf at all. Romeo needed a pack. With no other wolves to choose from, he tried to build a foster pack of pet dogs, and by extension, their owners. These were the people who failed Romeo. Instead of rebuffing him, they encouraged him.

Many of them should have known better—wildlife photographers and nature writers; the residents of Mendenhall Valley who presumably should have more sense than tourists when it comes to feeding and encouraging wildlife.  And most importantly, wildlife authorities and biologists who are entrusted to look out for the best interests of animals like Romeo.

Because he had been conditioned to trust humans, Romeo was a sitting duck for two men looking for an easy kill. But rather than protect him from that inevitability, officials caved to community pressure.

“People have a great sense of community pride regarding the wolf, and that should continue as long as people act responsibly around it,” said District Ranger Pete Griffin in 2007.  “It is a problem, and we don’t want anybody to even have to worry about getting a citation,” said Alaska Bureau of Wildlife Enforcement trooper Lt. Todd Sharp.

Juliet, mounted in glass at Mendenhall Glacier Visitor Center

But these officials were responsible for drawing that firm line in the sand that separates wild animals from over-zealous public affection, and they didn’t do it.  And why, instead, didn’t they try to find a way to give Romeo what he really needed – a wolf pack?

By loving him to death, the residents of Juneau didn’t just lose Romeo. They lost a rare and valuable genetic line – one that could have helped preserve his kind, and perhaps could have enriched the genome of his ancestral species, the gray wolf, Canis lupus.

In this imperiled species, the death of Romeo, a solitary wolf, brings us one step closer to the day when the only Alexander Archipelago wolf that locals and visitors will ever see is the one that was killed by the taxi in 2003 – now stuffed and mounted in the Mendenhall Glacier Visitor’s Center – and named Juliet.

    Go hence, to have more talk of these sad things;
    Some shall be pardon’d, and some punished:
    For never was a story of more woe
    Than this of Juliet and her Romeo.

Exeunt.

ResearchBlogging.org

Szepanski, M., Ben-David, M., & Van Ballenberghe, V. (1999). Assessment of anadromous salmon resources in the diet of the Alexander Archipelago wolf using stable isotope analysis Oecologia, 120 (3), 327-335 DOI: 10.1007/s004420050866

WECKWORTH, B., TALBOT, S., SAGE, G., PERSON, D., & COOK, J. (2005). A Signal for Independent Coastal and Continental histories among North American wolves Molecular Ecology, 14 (4), 917-931 DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-294X.2005.02461.x

Weckworth BV, Dawson NG, Talbot SL, Flamme MJ, & Cook JA (2011). Going coastal: shared evolutionary history between coastal British Columbia and Southeast Alaska wolves (Canis lupus). PloS one, 6 (5) PMID: 21573241

 

** BOOKS ABOUT ROMEO  ***

       

74 Comments

  1. Thank you so much for this beautiful post on Romeo. It is certainly a shame that his life was snuffed out by the irresponsible and tragic of “hunters” who killed him, just because they could. But you are also correct in that what Romeo really needed was a pack.

    • He had opportunity to join packs but he never responded to howling of nearby wolves. He chose a pack-the humans and dogs of Juneau edge. She takes the classic non-interference position that flies in the face of the actual constant negative interaction we have with the natural world and s would have us turn our backs on the positive ones. Romeo was an exemplar of the type of wolf hethat in the distant past came close to our fires making friends thus beginning the lineage of dogs. Also she fails to mention that even though in the end he was murdered he was able to live three times as long as he would have totally on his own/in pack in wild. This itself is one of the reasons that some wolves began transition to dogs coz symbiotic relationship of benefit to both. Wolf accessing food, warmth etc thus living longer. Human getting a companion, guard, herder, transporter

    • the article seems to place blame for the wolf’s death on the friendly residents of Juneau…. however, Romeo survived nearly THREE TIMES LONGER than wolves in the wild, and would have lived even longer were it not for the cruelty of two “hunters”….

      • I agree…This story has me crying….

  2. Agreed. Thank you for your kind comments Rhonda.

  3. the story moved me to no end, He was special and if it wasn’t for Gods laws I look for the guy that killed him… the lose I’m sure will be felt for sometime and he will be missed by those that knew him…I’m sorry for the lose and if I make it to heaven I will make sure the guy finds himself in hell being hunted for all time…

  4. I just don’t understand how someone could enjoy destroying a beautiful animal like Romeo.It makes me sick to my stomach.I wish hunters would start hunting eachother and leave the animals alone.

    • Who would pay for human skin? It is the fur they want and in most states it is legal. I hate it. In this day and age, the fur trade should be over and done with. Fish and Wildlife did not do their job. Same and in B.C..with the bear. They should have done some thing instead of bending to the idiots that walked and fed him. Some time you have to shock people into reality. if they put a poster up showing a hung wolf, saying this is what will happen the next time you want to touch and feed Romeo. It is a sad story and if they don’t go extinct i am sure it will be repeated.

      • Bev…I agree with You….I was so excited to get a Canada Goose winter coat…Finally I was to be able to buy a warm jacket…So tired of freezing down at the ocean with my dogs…While searching the web for the best deal..I discovered how this company obtains the fur for around the hood…I was mortified….I now would not wear one if you gave me one..I would rather freeze…So this winter…I will think of Romeo while I chatter…and consider this a small sacrifice to make compared to theirs…It makes me so sad…and ashamed to be part of this human race.

    • Please know that these were not hunters. Hunters have ethics and follow the law. You decide whether or not to support hunting, but please, these were not hunters. They were poachers.

  5. I don’t understand the author’s intent to shame the local residents that loved and admired Romeo. I understand his point that the wolves of this area are dwindling in population, but I definitely feel the blame should be placed elsewhere. For one thing, Romeo clearly was not typical of the other wolves in the area. As the author pointed out, the other wolves were invisible, while Romeo was not. From the beginning, Romeo displayed signs that he was different. He ignored the howls of other wolf packs. He approached people and dogs. He even went on to play with dogs and follow people on their walks. From what I understand, this is not normal wolf behavior. The fact of the matter is, Romeo was atypical of his species. From that perspective, how could the fate of the wolf population fairly rest on his shoulders? He never seem interested in joining a wolf pack. Even if he had, and had been in a position in the pack to mate, would his particular abnormal wolf personality have been passed down his line? In that case, would the fate of the species be any better preserved? I think not. I don’t think it was Romeo’s fate or responsibility to save the species, nor do I think the people who celebrated his uniqueness were wrong. They weren’t domesticating or encouraging their dogs to frolic with all the wolves in the area, just Romeo. They loved him, recognized that he was entirely unique, and quite possibly made his solitary existence a little better with their companionship. And, although illegal hunting is disgusting and is entirely to blame for this tragedy, all in all, 7+ years isn’t too bad of a run for a solitary wolf without a pack to protect him. Calling his life a tragedy is just one perspective on his amazing story. I choose to celebrate him instead.
    **As an aside, my initial reason for taking an interest in Romeo is the fact that his photos are the spitting image of my own (100% canine) dog, with the exception of eye color. I wonder if anyone has investigated the possibility that he may have been a wolf/dog hybrid, which could explain his unusual behavior and possibly the fact that he was far out of the weight range of the local wolf species?**

    • WOW, you’re words could have been mine. I had the same thoughts about the likelihood of a lone wolf surviving. I also believe, by looking at pictures and reading accounts of his actions, that this was most likely a hybrid. To throw so much blame on the people Romeo chose to “pack” with is crazy. More strict hunting laws and harsher penalties is the more appropriate response

      • The pictures people commonly see of wolves are those of Non-Alaskan US wolves. As you go further North the Wolves get stockier. In particular Romeo is of a particular sub-species of Wolf that has particular build and markings that Romeo is squarely within.
        So it’s quite likely he was indeed pure-breed or close to it.

        As for his behaviour – as I understand it current thinking for Humans gaining Dogs as a companion is that Wolves probably initiated the relationship. So it doesn’t seem too strange that some rare wolves, given the right circumstances, would find company with Humans pleasant.

    • A very thoughtful post.Thanks

    • I jump in at one of many points to add my feelings. This is such a strong and emotional story and one that triggers in me incredibly, deep and painful tugging in ways I have felt in me so very much over the years…I am very emotional and especially with my love of animals mixed with marginal respect for the human race. I had no dogs or cats as a kid.
      As a songwriter/musician I have an outlet for deep emotions and Romeo just is a key example that easily triggers deep emotions. As I hear of his death at the hands of hunters the deep anger and pain arises in me and I easily fall into an imagined scene Christ like where in a contemporary scene I am bringing the animal back to life much to the chagrin of the ‘hunter’. Yes, this is of little help in a world where there are so many persons who just have almost blinded emotions and lack caring for such an attitude and see it almost the task of humans to cut off the lives of many animals without the briefest of caring attitudes that could possibly raise even a moments counter to their actions and feelings.
      There was that old scifi movie of the alien who has taken on the form of a human….who, at a rest stop he and a lady are traveling across the country, steps up to the hunters car, unties a deer who has been shot and secured to the vehicle, and through his powers restores the animal to life. And it rises up and runs off as, to the alien’s surprise, the hunters come running out from the café shouting at him for letting their prize free.
      In a brief return to my deep anger mixed with a helplessness as such terrible events take place every day, I am sure, as to the killing with great pride of so many wonderful animals…..I have to wonder why there are not more serious punishments for such disregard for existing laws. I mean, the laws ARE THERE…. They Exist in many cases… Are the law enforcers so weak or do so many of them support the hunters in this country? Such questions bring a painful ‘truth’ burning in me. I grew up never having an accurate concept of my fellow citizens. I just never was exposed to alternate attitudes as those who kill animals even as a normal part of life like on a farm. Any animal I had I ‘loved’ and related to them as living critters I wanted to be healthy. But the ones we are struggling with in the Romeo world are those hunters that just kill to keep up their shooting skills. There is a lack of connectivity with a subclass of those parties that come to lack ‘caring’ in general. And in a bigger picture, only recently have I been exposed to how far off I have assumed the population of our country really is.
      Never ever did I have anything close to accurate as to the nature of our populace until this year of 2016.
      .
      I say with the deepest of despair that there appears to be much higher numbers of cold calculating and very ‘unemotional’ type persons who feel the animal kingdom is solely in existence to feed humans and to cloth them and as super targets to keep fellow human-kind sharpshooters able to bring down food for the table should the need arise in a world perpetually on the verge of running out of control. Protect your own and keep a sharp eye for the dangers that lurk amongst us. Again, the recent tale of that Lion that was killed by the dentist…..for ??? I don’t even remember for what? The fun of it. To the horror of many of his patients (who quickly left his practice).
      Beautiful creatures amongst us…. Wonderful… the love they actually do carry in so many cases. Especially when given the chance. Now I cry. Now my words and my music pushing inside me and I seriously can not understand…Dear Lord. I can not understand what it is that can beat so very strong in me….That needs to be let free to express so much emotion that is tied to those animals that share these very traits. I swear that I believe so very deeply and every day that this world is not the sole venue of the human race. We are surrounded by creatures on all levels that interact everyday with all of us. And how incredible…..INCREDIBLE…how so many can not even feel a twinge of this energy swelling within us. For some, religion helps be in touch. With others it is a closeness with ‘nature’. With others it is their own ‘in touch’ way of experiencing and the ALL are real….we are ALL real but only to the extent we can stop and lower the noise and business of life all around us to get in touch…
      As a musician I share that over the years it has become common on special occasions (multiple times a week) when I go into my ‘studio’ room in the house….often at around 11:00pm….pick up the acoustic and, sitting in the quiet of the night, strum one chord softly…. Just strum over and over …. And most often it comes… from within me the melody…the chord changes and whatever it is it comes…and often I cry the tears as the memories of Chase, a Brittany that has passed years ago but remains the most incredible one of my history of dogs though all brought a special and personal touch and still do today with the three we share life with. Chase was something incredible and it is from having my life shared with such as he that tales of Romeo and of their being pulled so terribly from us cuts so very deep.
      Please forgive me for probably rambling far too much…. The story of Romeo has come into my life only this very day. Seriously. A new and dear and real story of love of a very special animal and luckily for us humans so many of you us share the love of this world simply filled with so much love of all this life that surrounds us.
      I have to stop….I am sorry for running on so much and probably wandering far afield did I go….

      • Steve, write a song for Romeo. It’ll do us all a world of good …

    • Romeo may even have had interaction with humans as a pup for one reason or another, hence his ability to mingle. A heartfelt story. Life is full of hero/villain characters, it wouldn’t be realistic without each side represented. Even the Bible tells of such tales.

    • Exactly. People can say “he needed a pack” and blame the residents all you want, but Romeo was free to come and go as he saw fit and he did ignore the howls of other wolves. One pack actually came into his territory and he was photographed with one of those. An effort was made to drive him away on a few occasions, but again, Romeo did what he wanted, when he wanted.. There is no evidence that anyone fed plus except for one occasion. The blame lies squarely on the shoulders of the two who killed him, and they did so with malice aforethought.

  6. My apologies for referring to the author as male, with the word “his”. I meant “her”.
    Also, I should have added that there was a lot of great information in the article, and I loved the way the author chose to divide the information into 3 “acts”, complete with lines from Shakespeare. Clever structure, and a fascinating read! Thanks!

  7. Hi Susanne,

    Thank you so much for your in-depth comments. I really appreciate your interest. I agree with many of your points, especially in that it is unfair to rest the fate of Romeo’s species on his canine shoulders. If that was implied in my story, I didn’t mean for it to come out that way.

    As for his human community, yes I hold them at least partially responsible for Romeo’s death. But at the same time, I entirely understand their inclination to encourage (or at least not rebuff) Romeo’s friendly advances. Can you imagine, a wolf coming right up to you! It must have felt like such an honor to be graced with his attention! I admit it would have taken every bit of willpower I have to not get drawn into that myself.

    I suppose, the real questions are, would Romeo have walked up to those men in the parking lot, if he had been forcefully rebuffed from human contact from the beginning? And, to your point, if he had been rebuffed, would he have survived on his own for 7 years? Or would he have found himself a pack? The answer to those questions we can only postulate.

    I agree that he did not behave as a normal representative of his species. The idea that he may not have been purely wolf is a very intriguing hypothesis. I wonder if any of his DNA was recovered so that that idea could be tested.

    Related to all of this, I have 2 blog posts coming up — one on the genetic history and mixing of North America’s wild canids, specifically wolves and coyotes. And another on the wildlife paparazzi and the lengths to which people go (including baiting) to get wildlife photographs.

    Thank you again for your comments Susanne. Please drop by again.

    -Kim

    • Just saw this when looking up information on Romeo and whiel it’s from a year ago I can’t help wanting to point out a flaw in your login regarding blaming the communities friendship with Romeo for his death.
      As your article pointed out Hunters are responsible for a significant number of deaths of these wolves. So they are shooting non-human socialised Wolves with some frequency. Romeo lived to a decent age for a wild wolf. This suggests that his socialising with the Juneau community may well have extended his life rather than shortened it.

  8. A few years later, lol, the people in Romeo’s life did no wrong. When done out of love there is no wrong. This awesome wolf took a hateful fear of wolves and showed people how we can co-exist. There are haters all over and kill for thrill. I think Romeo’s life played out as it was suppose to.

  9. This is beautiful! Thank you. Artfully written and with as a sad an ending as the original Shakespeare play.
    It feels so sad to know that we must teach animals to distrust all humans just for the few ignorant ones that may kill or hurt them. As I sit here, the coyote hunters are out in full force today, just shooting for fun and the measly $5 bounty they may receive. The small fine they received for their dogs killing our neighbors cat last year means nothing to them.

    I’m wondering also about the possibility that Romeo may have been a wolf/dog hybrid. I myself have a dog which looks exactly like Romeo. He is supposedly a black Chow, but he clearly isn’t only Chow.

    In any case, I make sure my property is off limits to sports hunters and strive to make it a haven for coyotes, deer, eagle, fox and whatever wildlife mother nature chooses to put there.

  10. Thank you Brenda and Gail for your comments.

    Yes, this post is a few years old, but for some reason this weekend it’s been getting all kinds of traffic from Facebook. Not sure who’s sharing it, but I do appreciate it! Please feel free to comment if you stop by.

    -Kim

    • It’s because national geographic post about it in facebook. I’m glad they did, because if it wasn’t for them I’ll never know Romeo. It’s such a tragic yet beautiful story. I can’t help but feeling angry toward the hunters. I hope they learnt their lesson. If they don’t, I hope life will teach them in a hard way.

  11. This story was wonderful. The men that shot him got OFF way to easy, What message did it send out, It said oh well we will just get a slap on the wrist, cause it is just a wolf. It breaks my heart to know that wolfs are treated like nothing, ANIMAL ABUSE IS ANIMAL ABUSE NO MATTER WHAT SPECIES OF ANIMAL IT IS. Dog fighting is illegal and they get charges brought against them but shoot a wolf, and NO JAIL TIME, LOOSE HUNTING LISCENCE, AND A FINE, As if that will stop them from doing it again,, The laws need to be more strict and HARSHER PUNISHMENTS, STOP SMACKING THE HANDS LIKE A CHILD IN THE COOKIE JAR!!!

  12. It’s a fascinating though very sad story. But I am completely in agreement with Susanne here.
    It is too late to ask questions like What would be if …., and it is not about blaming people who showed love to a wolf. We, humans need to learn our lessons. This is a lesson. If a wolf does not act like a wolf we’d better take measures to protect him/her and adapt (to) his life. If he does not want to hear the call of the wild just let it be and do the optimum for the animal.

  13. I am so sad for Romeo and his fate. What happened to him reveals the meanness and irresponsibility of human beings. When hunters go out to kill wolves, they do not care that they are disturbing the packs and the communal life that are so important. If Romeo had not been left alone, he probably would not have been friendly with people, and friendliness apparently led to his death. Wolves should fear us much more than we, because of so many myths and fairy tales, fear them. How many wolves have been killed by people. How many people have been killed by wolves. There you have it!

  14. I know personally the guys who killed Romeo. They are friends of my mother. If you want any questions to ask them about it all please text me [number redacted] peacock is my landlord

    • Why did they do it? They knew how loved he was right? So, why couldn’t they hunt a different wolf? My heart is really broken hearing this story, why would they take away all the joy Romeo brought?

      • They wanted HIM, because he was famous, and they didn’t do it legally. How difficult could it be to shoot an animal that’s walking by? They weren’t hunters at all. Hunters respects the rules, regulations, laws concerning what you can hunt and when, they respected NOTHING in regard to any of the animals they killed. It was all about the trophy and the satisfaction they got out of watching people wonder and mourn the loss of Romeo while they knew the secret of his demise. BTW, Peacock is dead. I can’t say as I’m sorry.

  15. Thank you for your comment Ashley and I appreciate your willingness to put me in touch with those people. At this time I have no plans to update this story. Meanwhile, it’s a bad idea to post your phone number publicly, so I have removed it. -K~

    • Heard this asshole is dead…I’m sure he is receiving his karmic dues…hunted for eternity, I hope he is feeling the same pain & suffering he caused over & over again….

  16. What morons… and then they posed with his carcass?

    They might have just shot a dog for he was as tame as one, what kind of achievement is it to kill an animal that walks right up to you wagging its tail?

    I hope they suffer for this, they certainly deserve worse than they got.

  17. Sitting and reading “A wolf called Romeo” by Nick Jans. Sadly, I read ahead to the death of this fine wolf. — There is great excitement when a wild creature seeks us out. Establishing a connection is the most amazing behavior. — And, no matter how long I live or how much I learn, I never understand the mindset of, what I call, ‘human holes’. To call them by another animal name is wrong. All non-human species are important. For whatever reason, or no reason. — My government makes me crazy. Protect the wolf. Remove its protection. Protect the wolf. Remove its protection. — The legislation is there to secure wild animals. Enforce it. — Animals live where they must. Establish a niche. Humans live everywhere and rarely establish a common ground with a new area. — Humans want to live near a river, or in a wooded area. Then a fox or coyote or bear or antelope comes into the land they also need, and it’s ‘off with their heads’. — Please accept my rant for what it is.
    All of us are only human, and need to get better at it. — L.j.M.

  18. Thank you Laurel. I share many of your sentiments, including the frustration over endless listing and delisting wolves. I appreciate your comments. -K~

  19. I read “A Wolf Called Romeo” this past weekend and googled Romeo out of interest to see what had appeared in local Alaskan media about the story. That’s how I came across this blog post. The story intrigued me, because in the lower 48, one usually has the impression that Alaskans are all trigger happy and eager to shoot down wolves, so it seemed surprising that a wolf had been quasi tamed and befriended by an entire Alaskan community.

    This blog post was very informative, and I have to agree that much tragedy would have been avoided by not encouraging Romeo to get too familiar with strange people. But once the deed was done, I don’t see how it could be undone — perhaps the state wildlife department should have stepped in sooner. Perhaps Juneau could have found a way to protect Romeo, but I realize that even a tamed wolf is still a wolf and might not deal well with not being free to roam at will.

    However, having read the book, it seems clear to me that the hunter from the lower 48 who shot Romeo specifically set out to do so. It was clearly premeditated, and that hunter savored the pain and anguish he caused the local community – taking pleasure in the headlines mourning Romeo’s disappearance.

    This is no ordinary case of a wild animal losing its natural fear of humans and meeting its end due to a chance encounter with a random hunter. That Pennsylvania hunter wanted Romeo, not just any wolf. It was all about collecting “kills” but also about inflicting pain on people who embraced Romeo – sort of like punishing them for loving a non-human creature. I can’t understand why anyone could derive such pleasure out of such hatred, but the book exposes that he is known in his local community for abusing animals needlessly and taking pleasure in it (if you have the book, see the anecdote about what he did to the possum in the parking lot).

    Romeo’s fame sadly brought him to the attention of a monster. Unfortunately, most monsters are human, and humans are capable of inordinate cruelty and violence. I feel the perpetrator of Romeo’s death got off much too lightly, but I hope the authorities are monitoring him, because it would not be all that surprising if that man’s violent, Sado-masochistic streak doesn’t eventually amp up (if it hasn’t already) making him a threat to the community. A lot of serial killers and other violent antisocial criminals get their start torturing and abusing animals.

    • Thank you for sharing this, I was really struggling to wrap my brain around why someone would kill Romeo I just learned about his beautiful story and my heart is broken about how his life was taken the love and joy Romeo brought to the world can never be taken away

  20. Just having read the book and the positive comments above, it saddens me that our species once again has shown that we are the destructive preditors despite the fact that we should have the brains to preserve and protect the living of all species around us.

    • To think if our ancestors had been like this hunter we would not have our dogs that we cherish it was the wolf who reached out to us

  21. Welcome to all the readers coming here from Simon Worrall’s National Geographic story on Nick Jans’ new book. It’s comforting to know that Romeo’s story is still making the news all these years later. Please feel free to leave your thoughts here. -K~

    • Jeffrey C. Peacock
      Obituary
      Jeffrey C. Peacock LEBANON Jeffrey C. Peacock, 52, passed away Wednesday, March 11, 2015, at Hershey Medical Center. He was born in Erie, on August 19, 1963, son of June Bishop Peacock of Lebanon, and the late Thomas Peacock. He was employed by RR Donnelly in the shipping department. He was a graduate of General McLean High School, McKean. Jeffrey had attended Ohio Tech. He was an avid fly fisherman, salmon fisherman, and bear hunter in Alaska. He enjoyed growing roses, watching movies, hiking, and taking car rides. He enjoyed time spent with his dog and pet bird. Family and friends are respectfully invited to attend Jeffrey’s funeral services on Wednesday, March 18, 2015, at 2 p.m. from Porterfield-Scheid Funeral Directors & Cremation Services, Ltd., 890 Isabel Drive, Lebanon (next to Quentin Circle). A viewing will be held Tuesday evening, March 17, 2015, from 7 to 9 p.m. and Wednesday 1 to 2 p.m. at the funeral home. Interment will be made in Covenant-Greenwood Cemetery. For further information please call 717-272-4634 or to share on line condolences visit http://www.porterfieldscheidfh.com
      – See more at: http://www.legacy.com/obituaries/ldnews/obituary.aspx?pid=174399841#sthash.Crxc6cDO.dpuf

      • Thank you Roxanne,

      • [Comment removed for advocating hate and violence ]

    • Thank you for digging this up Roxanne.

  22. Roxanne, thank you for your updates. Based on the number of visitors I’ve had in the last couple weeks, it seems Romeo still holds a soft spot in many people’s hearts.

    The article you linked looks very interesting. I’ve downloaded it to read in full later. Thank you. -K~

  23. Such a magnificent and beautiful creature. Sadly, it all ends with a cowardly act of some greedy humans. The only thing wrong with this place is ‘humans’. Atleast a few.

  24. What an incredible story about beautiful wolf. Yes, and such a tragic ending. I hope the cowards that shot him are now being haunted in hell. They both deserve it. The so called hunting is just another term for animal abuse. Let the animals wild or domesticated live already.
    Unfortunately, this story, so brilliantly documented is just one of so many other tragedys left untold.

  25. Honestly, it’s a bit ridiculous to say that anyone at all failed Romeo, when he actually lived nearly 3 times that of the average. How can you say that he was failed by anyone when he had such a long, enjoyable life, full of companionship? Attempting to turn this story into a lesson on how we shouldn’t interact with wolves is fallacious, for the simple fact that his relationship with humans and dogs actually benefited Romeo greatly.

  26. I have nothing against hunting as long as it’s done in a responsible way with moderation. I just read the book and it seems to me from the description that these two stood out. They weren’t acting like your average hunter, it’s stated in the book that they specifically went after Romeo just to spite the people in Juneau who liked him. Coupled with the rest of the description if true they seemed to be borderline sociaopathic with a healthy dose of narcissism thrown in.

    • Well one of the shooters threatened to kill the person he boasted to if he told the authorities (apparently he didn’t get the admiring response he expected), so definitely not your average Hunter. The “average Hunter” can probably be better described as the Hunter he boasted to who turned around and informed the authorities. From what I’ve read on the case soon as one of the shooters told someone else in the Hunting community he was reported and arrested.

      • Good on the hunters who reported it, that was brave.

  27. Just read this today – a bittersweet story, well written indeed.
    Death, that hath sucked the honey of thy breath, hath had no power yet upon thy beauty.

  28. I kept hoping and wishing that the culprit wasn’t someone from my own species… Alas…if karma is anything to go by i hope these two involved pay with their lives

  29. Welcome new visitors! Thank you for your comments. I see many of you are coming from Facebook but I don’t have a way to know where. Would love to thank the person who shared my post.

    If you are interested in wolves, you might also enjoy (or be equally saddened) by my series on the Haliburton wolves of Ontario: http://kimberlymoynahan.com/2013/01/open-letter-to-an-animal-liberationist/

    Thank you again for stopping by and for your comments.

    -Kim

  30. I’m sick of this “don’t mess with nature” BS. I agree when it comes to logging and poaching, but humans and animals should be able to live together in harmony — NOT isolation. Romeo didn’t die because of human kindness. He died because of human malice and greed. Romeo was a lost boy looking for his place, perhaps a hybrid. I admire the kindness of the community. Saying that they caused this harm to befall him is unfair. That’s like saying you shouldn’t help rescue or harbor a prostitute (a.k.a. “victim of human trafficking”) because her pimp is going to torture and kill her! What is the solution? Throw the pimp in prison. You don’t blame the people who put their arms out for her. The same is true of animals. And let’s get this straight: those two pieces of human waste were NOT hunters. They were POACHERS. I don’t believe in hell, but if there is one then I hope they burn there forever.

  31. I hope that the two hunters realized what they did. that they pissed off the entire capital city of alaska, that they killed an innocent, sweet wolf because they felt like it. and i hope they feel bad about it…

    [remainder of comment removed for advocating violence -K~]

  32. The author clearly belongs in the UK, where the criminals are never blamed…the people or the laws are!

  33. Today I discover the beautiful but sad story of Romeo. Interesting to read all the different points of view and to hear about what happens on the other side of the world being from Perth, Western Australia. Learning about the wolf species has been fascinating although I too questioned if Romeo was a hybrid. I certainly get disgusted in hearing about humans killing animals meaninglessly, it makes my blood curdle. Recently we have had several shark attack incidents off our coastal waters killing humans and our government allows the authorities to go out and hunt that particular shark!! Firstly, who knows if the shark they kill is the one that killed that human in the first instance and secondly we are swimming in there natural environment so how does it make it bloody right we go and hunt them. They are only doing what is natural. It just seems crazy to me to kill them. In my opinion, I find humans to be the most dangerous animals in the world.

    Romeo’s story was extraordinary and clearly his behavior was unique to his kind. I look forward to reading the books.

  34. I live in Salt Lake City, Utah and just finished reading A Wolf Called Romeo, your blog post, and the letter concerning the Haliburton wolves. Just want you all to know that there are people outside of Alaska and Canada who do care about wolves and other wildlife.

    I was very touched by the book and felt physically sick when I read about the poachers who so cowardly killed Romeo. But what stays with me is the beauty of his life and the people who loved him. Perhaps his “habituation” and fame contributed to his death, but through the book, it is apparent that this wolf atypically sought the companionship of dogs and was happier when he found it. I don’t think he was “tamed;” he still hunted, fended for himself, and roamed free. If you want to vilify or blame someone for the demise of this animal, please blame the wretched poachers.

    By the way, I did find your letter to the people who let the captive wolves loose very informative and powerful. Thank you.

  35. As I read the article and posts I found myself feeling much as the other readers did, disgusted with the two misfits that killed Romeo. But a question also came to mind: Why was Romeo not put in a zoo or other type of sanctuary where he could be protected and yet still interact with people and dogs? Romeo was an anomaly, everyone seems agreed on that: A wolf that preferred people and dogs over other wolves. I may not be stating this properly, but the question in my mind is why was Romeo not protected? Are they being protected now? I have been to Alaska and seen raptor sanctuaries and bear sanctuaries. They are tourist attractions, which at least partially offsets the cost of operating them. Since these particular wolves are a national DNA treasure, why are we not protecting some of them–especially ones that would probably adapt well to a diorama setting? I would pay to see a wolf like Romeo up close. It seems to me we need to look to the future if we truly consider these animals important genetically.

  36. Sad about romeo ending

  37. Just learned about Romeo, whatever blame is shouldered by the community is incomprehensibly small compared to the mountains of blame shouldered by the hunters. Its so inconsequential it shouldn’t even be mentioned in what was otherwise a poetic article. You cant say they failed him or that what he needed was a pack when that could just as easily have killed him.

    Hunters who kill for sport or in this case fishing in a barrel are truly the scum of the world. Its no different than those in poor countries that record puppy suffocation for profit.

  38. This is such a beautiful (and informative) piece of writing. Thank you.

  39. I am so sadden from this it hurts so much inside I can not believe the impact, Man is destroying our environment, nature, well being, and planet. When will they wake up, when it is to late?

  40. There are no words, what a beautiful wild soul. Tragic ending brought on by lost souls. When it is time they will answer to the universe for their indiscretions. May Romeo’s spirit be forever at the heart of Juneau.

  41. This really breaks my heart, humans are so despicable. We can learn something from the animals we take as pets, the ones we fear and the ones we eat.

  42. Beautifual and very creative tribute to Romeo. I will stop there since I can’t seem to think of those who snuffed out that free and wild life without wishing them great ills.

  43. Instead of placing any blame on the residents that loved him how about placing all the blame on the hunters that illegally shot him. Easy target or not they were just looking to kill for the sake of killing. The punishment was a joke.

  44. I think this story is so one sided. It didn’t say how Romeo lived a lot longer then most wolfs. It didnt say how Romeo was only there in winter months. An shame on the writer for blaming Romeos pack for his death! Romeo choose them not the other way around. You made such a beautiful loveing thing that showed love at its purest into something bad. Shame Shame on you.

  45. A high & mighty self important individual is this author. Unfortunately, that has made her incapable of doing a little research. Yes the locals were responsible to degee. Yes the authorities were responsible to degree.

    However, if the wolf had indeed wanted to be a wild wolf he would have just left the area. There were other wolves around. He was tied by neither rope, blood nor handicap to the area. It was known that Romeo really only appeared during winter months – use google darling if it’s a tad hard as 99.7% of the photos are during the winter – when the going was tough.

    He had neither pack nor a means of surviving during those winter months as a lone wolf. Do you think miss mouth that a lone wolf can take down big prey like moose? The average wolf lives a relatively short life & a lone wolf such as Romeo lives an even shorter life.

    If anything place blame right where it deserves to be. On the coward local that took an easy target. Shame how it is legal to skin a wolf. [Final sentence removed for alluding to violence against people -K~]

  46. The two pieces of s— who killed this wolf deserved much more in the way of punishment. The wolf, being as friendly as he was, probably just stood there while these two killed him. Betrayed by two despicable human beings. May they get all they deserve for this act.

Trackbacks/Pingbacks

  1. Endless Forms Most Beautiful » Blog Archive » Open Lab 2012: Romeo Makes the Cut! - […] am incredibly pleased to announce that my post Romeo: A Lone Wolf’s Tragedy in Three Acts, was selected for…
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  3. Cecil, Echo, Romeo | Bearly - […] in California Romeo: A Lone Wolf’s Tragedy in Three Acts Key Population of Alaska’s Alexander Archipelago Wolves Nearly Wiped…

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